why can limbs tremble or swell and what to do in all cases?
Complaints that the legs are cramping, they swell or shake after exercising in the gym are not uncommon. Pain and discomfort can be short or long, intense or mild, dislocated in different places, manifest themselves in different ways, etc. But these are all signals that cannot be ignored.
Let’s analyze their causes and protect our feet from possible serious problems and complications. After all, we live in an era of smart physical activity.
Why do my legs shake after a workout?
Tremors are the natural vibrational movements of our body. Legs can shake for a variety of reasons. This can be a reaction to cold, tremors can be caused by psychogenic factors (goosebumps). But the most common reason is excessive physical activity. There is nothing unusual about leg tremors after exercise; this is their normal response to overwork. It will pass, and rather quickly, after the usual rest.
For what other reasons legs may shake:
- Excessive emotions. Hands and feet can shake with fear, anger, indignation. This is how the nervous system reacts to a traumatic situation for the psyche. Soothing and avoiding the cause of the stress will stop these tremors.
- Toxic poisoning. It can be food, alcoholic, etc. When toxins attack the brain and nerve cells, the effect also occurs on the vestibular apparatus, which is responsible for coordinating movements, therefore, the limbs begin to shake. Toxicosis is treated depending on the causing of the cause.
- A sign of an illness. If the legs and arms periodically shake even at rest, this may be a symptom of hyperthyroidism, diabetes mellitus, etc. The doctor must understand.
see also Why do your hands shake after exercise?
What does it mean if the muscles are cramping?
Muscle cramps are involuntary, intense muscle contractions. They can range from a mild tic to a violent spasm accompanied by excruciating pain. The muscles involved in the work of two joints at once are especially prone to them – most often it reduces the gastrocnemius muscle, the semitendinosus and the biceps of the back of the thigh and the quadriceps of the front of the thigh.
Those who constantly overexert themselves during exercise are at risk. More often than others, limbs are reduced in marathon athletes who develop endurance, and in people performing exercises at peak intensity, for example, sprinters.
Why does it bring legs down after training:
- Weak stretching after training;
- Inadequate physical activity;
- Muscle fatigue from overload;
- Exercises in the heat, which leads to dehydration and washing out with sweat of trace elements necessary for the functioning of muscles – potassium, calcium, sodium, magnesium ions.
- Muscle damage.
see also 6 causes of discomfort in the calf muscles after sports.
But if the convulsions are frequent and severe, do not lend themselves to ordinary simple procedures and are not caused by obvious reasons in the form of physical exertion, then the doctor should decide the problem of how to relieve muscle spasm.
If the limbs are constantly cramping, perhaps you have:
- Blood circulation is impaired, there are undiagnosed diseases of the nervous system, spine, metabolic disorders or hormone levels;
- Convulsions are triggered by taking certain medications;
- There is a deficiency of B vitamins in the body;
- There is a chronic disease in the form of varicose veins, which have passed into the chronic stage of infections, thyroid problems, etc.
If a spasm catches you immediately upon leaving the gym, first aid measures should be taken:
- Interrupt any movement of the reduced limb and gently stretch the muscle;
- Let the muscle relax and rest for a few minutes, do not strain it immediately, even with simple movements – this can cause a repetition of the attack;
- Massage the area of the cramp lightly to relieve tension;
- Apply an elastic bandage if necessary and in severe pain.
If the limbs are swollen after sports?
Swelling causes the accumulation of lymphatic fluid in the muscle tissues. Why do they swell after training my legs? Muscle swelling can be caused by:
- Heavy loads in the classroom with a general sedentary lifestyle or sedentary work. The way out is either in a more moderate distribution of loads, or in resting more at the end of the workout, then the limbs will stop swelling and swelling;
- If you come to workout with your feet out of tight high-heeled shoes, and wearing such shoes is your constant habit. Restraining shoes interfere with the normal outflow of blood and lymph from the legs – a direct cause of edema;
- The habit of sitting with one leg thrown over the other, while blocking the blood and lymph flow;
- The usual fatigue of the lower extremities, especially if you spent the whole day before training on your legs.
To reduce unpleasant symptoms puffiness and heaviness of the legs, do not be lazy:
- When resting, raise your legs above your chest and lie in this position for 40-60 minutes;
- You can consult with your doctor about taking medications or herbal decoctions that reduce puffiness, think about wearing special compression stockings or tights;
- Adjust the diet – less salt, retaining liquid, flour and sweet, replace fried with boiled and baked – and the swelling will go away quickly enough.
Pain requires more close attention to itself and is most likely pathological in nature if:
- Is she strong or persistent, localized in the joints and …