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Fitness – types, benefits and harms

What is fitness

Fitness benefits

The harm of fitness to human health

Contraindications for fitness

Types of fitness

Many people mean by fitness hard physical training in gyms or in stadiums, which is aimed at strengthening the muscles of the entire human body. But in reality, fitness includes training for the heart and blood vessels, workouts designed to increase the flexibility of the body. There is also a sport called fitness.

What is fitness

The word “fitness” is derived from the English word from the verb “To fit”, which means “ fit “,” be in good shape “.

Fitness (fitness) – this is almost any type of physical activity that allows the human body to be in good physical shape.

In general, fitness is divided into general and physical. Overall fitness means achieving harmony with oneself, both physically and spiritually. Physical fitness already includes a wide variety of exercises for training strength, endurance, respiratory and cardiovascular systems. There is a type of fitness that allows you to lose extra pounds and lose weight. This kind of fitness is called aerobic fitness.

Fitness benefits

Fitness is good for everyone, without exception, regardless of age, weight, health status.

Fitness allows you to stretch your body and all muscles after a hard day’s work, it will allow you to become more active, cope with physical difficulties easier, and do more. Fitness slows down the aging process by saturating cells with oxygen, faster accelerating blood throughout the body, improves blood circulation, improves skin condition, a person becomes more energetic, enduring, muscle and limb tone increases, the body becomes elastic, fit, and mood improves. A person sleeps much better at night, the level of stress decreases, the resistance to diseases such as flu, colds increases, and the feeling of fatigue decreases. The spine straightens, the condition of the joints normalizes, the risk of arthritis, arthrosis, and osteoporosis is reduced.

The harm of fitness to human health

Fitness practically does not do any harm, except for those cases when the athlete neglects safety rules and does not do stretching exercises in order to avoid injuries in the future.

It is also important not to chase results, but to gradually increase the intensity of training, especially for a beginner, otherwise you can pull muscles or get injured. You should not combine hard workouts with exhausting diets, you can get depleted of the body and there will be no time for classes.

Fitness should not be carried away with problems with the spine, neurological problems, fresh injuries, varicose veins, high blood pressure and other heart diseases. It is better to postpone fitness classes during colds and other infections, accompanied by an increase in body temperature. In all these cases, specialist advice is required to develop the most optimal type of fitness. When lifting weights, it is not recommended to immediately lift a large weight in order to avoid sprains, heavy loads on the body. All exercises are performed at first at a leisurely pace with breath and pulse control. When doing fitness, it is important to observe a sleep and rest regimen, and eat right. Only in this way is it possible to receive benefits from classes, and not harm.

Chasing a flat stomach and 6 cherished abs cubes is also quite harmful, because depriving the body of fat, you undermine your immune, nervous systems, hematopoietic organs and a number of others. An ordinary person needs from 8 to 19% fat for normal functioning, reducing the percentage of fat, you can not so much get a relief press, but run into a number of serious health problems.

It is not so much the duration of the workout that matters as its intensity. Exercising for a long time, you can only harm your body. Exercise should be short (within 1 minute), but intense.

You should not try to combine strength and endurance exercises in 1 exercise, it is simply impossible. There is a technique by the Japanese doctor Tabata who tried to do this. His exercises were 4 minutes long, but they included both squats and push-ups at very high speed and intensity. As a result, the athletes were exhausted and did not get any benefit from such training.

Contraindications for fitness

Fortunately, there are not many contraindications to fitness. These include: borderline mental state, problems with the spine, recent surgeries, malignant tumors, bleeding, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract (gastritis, colitis, ulcers), varicose veins, liver disease, kidney disease, urolithiasis. Although with varicose veins, some types of fitness related to the load on the upper shoulder girdle may even be beneficial. Also, as mentioned above, during infectious diseases it is better to give up sports. With myopia, heavy lifting and exercises involving tilting the head down should be avoided in order to avoid an increase in intracranial pressure. After any surgery, you can start classes no earlier than six months later. If you feel unwell, lack of sleep, lethargy, you can temporarily stop exercising until your condition improves. Of course, fitness is not contraindicated for women during critical days, with good health. During pregnancy, fitness classes are even useful, of course, these are not strength …


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