Types of splits in gymnastics :: SYL.ru
For every professional dancer or skater, the ability to sit on the splits is an indicator of a high level of skill. This skill is necessary for admission to world-class competitions, as well as in order to enter the professional stage. Quite a few famous people, such as the brilliant Felix Kane, the “steel” Jean-Claude Van Damme, or the domestic star Anastasia Volochkova, excite the imagination of millions with their flexibility, which cannot be imagined without performing twine.
Features of execution
But for a mere mortal, mastering one of the types of twine is, first of all, a victory over oneself, the ability to control one’s body, and a “secret” that gives strength and self-confidence. The twine does not have certain difficulties in mastering. The main limitations that impede the execution of the twine are the lack of natural data, a low level of flexibility. The main difficulty lies in the fact that for many people who want to sit on the twine, it is quite difficult to train in a monotonous mode. Unlike other types of training, split exercises differ in consistency, and a person has to deal with pain for a long time, learn to endure it. But it should be noted that the most acute pain sensations occur only at the beginning of a workout. Over time, they become less and less tangible.
One of the simplest types of twine is transverse. When performing this acrobatic element, the legs are directed in opposite directions, forming a maximum angle of 180about… It is believed that not every inhabitant of the globe can boast of performing this exercise. About 15% of the total population cannot perform this type of split due to the structural features of the femur. Also, this exercise is given to women much more difficult than men, due to the different structure of the muscles. It is the most difficult for fitness lovers, because human legs are designed in such a way that they cannot move apart in a wider range than 90-110 degrees. The transverse twine has another name – “male”.
Varieties of transverse twine
To master this type of twine, it is necessary to develop the eversion of the legs – the ability to turn them outward. This quality allows for high amplitude hip abduction – in other words, maximum freedom of movement is achieved in the lower body. This concept is one of the most important in choreography, where inversion is present in the five main positions of classical dance. All other movements are derived from the basic steps. Rhythmic gymnastics, in contrast to sports, due to its specificity, is more inverted. Therefore, there are different types of transverse twine. In rhythmic gymnastics, as well as in choreography, the knees will be directed upwards. In sports, the knees are also pointing up, but the ends of the thumbs should be drawn towards the floor.
The next type of twine that is especially popular is the longitudinal twine. In the process of performing it, one leg should be located in front of the body, and the other is located at the back. The legs must be straightened in one straight line, which will be perpendicular to the body. This type of twine is divided into two categories – right-sided and left-sided. Traditionally, it is believed that this type of twine is more accessible to the beautiful half of humanity. The reason also lies in the anatomical features. In men, the back of the thigh is more powerful than in women. It is very difficult to relax and interferes with this type of split.
Longitudinal twine types
This acrobatic element can be performed in different ways. The following types of longitudinal twine are divided:
- Athletic (or gymnastic). When doing it, the heel of the back foot should be oriented straight up. The feet should be tight and the little toe of the front foot should be flat on the floor. This type of twine is most common in artistic gymnastics.
- Ballet (choreographic). The hind leg should be in an inverted position, the knee looks to the side, and the toes are stretched. This type is most popular in ballet and some types of dance.
- “Hanumasana” (“the pose of the king of the monkeys”). The twine with this unusual name came to us from yoga. When doing it, the knee should point to the floor, and the heel should be straight up. The foot of the front leg must be pulled towards you.
This type is one of the longitudinal variations. Otherwise it is called “negative” or “royal”. For this type of twine, the name speaks for itself. To perform it, you need to have incredible flexibility, because the angle between the legs during execution will exceed 180 degrees. In order to achieve a sagging twine, you need to train for a long time and first master other types – longitudinal and transverse.
Other types of twine
One of the difficult types of twine in gymnastics is vertical. It is performed in a standing position with support on one of the legs. You can also use a crossbar or sheer wall as a support. Often in rhythmic gymnastics, an element such as a twine on the arms is also performed. It requires a fairly high level of physical fitness – hands must be trained, plasticity must be high. The acrobat also requires the ability to keep balance.
The dynamic type is one of the most unusual types of twine. Photos of gymnasts or ballerinas performing this exercise always cause delight and admiration. Twine…